Tuesday, February 21, 2012

National public holidays of India in 2012

National and Public holidays in India National public holidays of India in 2012

2012 Date Name Remarks
January 26 Republic Day
January 30 Public Holiday Punjab Only. For assembly elections.
February 5 Milad-un-Nabi Birthday of Prophet Muhammad
February 7 Guru Ravidas Jayanti Restricted Holiday. Chandigarh, Haryana, Punjab only.
February 20 Maha Shivratri Celebrated on the 13th night/14th day in the Krishna Paksha
March 8 Holi
April 1 Ram Navami
April 5 Mahavir Jayanti
April 6 Good Friday Friday before Easter Sunday
May 28 Buddha Purnima Birth of Buddha
August 10 Janmashtami Restricted Holiday. Bangalore, Delhi. Celebrates the birth of Lord Shri Krishna
August 15 Independence Day
August 19 Idul Fitr
August 20 Parsi New Year Mumbai Only
September 19 Ganesh Chaturthi Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Orissa, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu only
October 2 Mahatma Gandhi Birthday Gandhi Jayanti
October 24 Dussehra Vijaya Dashami
October 26 Idul Juha Bakrid
November 1 Kannada Rajyothsava Bangalore Only
November 2 Guru Nanak Birthday
November 13 Deewali Deepawali
November 15 Muharram Observed mainly by the Shia Muslim community
November 24 Muharram (10th Day) Day of Ashurah
December 25 Christmas day
National Holiday
Regional Holiday
Information. Not a holiday

Other Years


  • Only the secular holidays of Republic Day, Independence Day and Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday are observed nationally.
  • Public holidays in India tend to be observed on a strictly regional basis. The above dates are Government of India holidays, when government offices will be closed nationwide. In addition, there are numerous festivals and fairs which are also observed in some states as holidays, the dates of which change from year to year.
  • Muslim festivals are timed according to local sightings of various phases of the moon and the dates given above are the latest known dates.
  • Although not government official holidays, Christmas Day and New Year's Day are observed nationally.



Sr. Lecturer
Department of Computer Applications
Chitkara Institute of Engineering and Technology, Rajpura, Punjab
E-mail: kumargaurav.in@gmail.com
Department of Computer Applications
Maharshi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Haryana
E-mail: suneja.anu@gmail.com
With the revolution of communication technology and mobile equipments, many activities are executed from remote location. Now is the time when we monitor and control various business activities and professional tasks by holding a mobile handset only.
This era of information and communication technology has also influenced the current job market which includes sending interview call letters by SMS, schedule a telephonic interview and even intimation of final result on a ten digit mobile number. Now the Human Resource (H.R.) Department of many organizations is shortlisting and calling the candidates by telephonic conversations. The time is left far behind when there was long wait for the interview call letter to be delivered by the postman. Now, almost every organization believes in the screening the candidates by telephonic interviews rather than sending sealed envelopes with postage stamps. There are many reasons due to which telephonic interviews are planned.
Telephonic interviews are scheduled to determine whether the candidate is competent to face the personal interview or not. Basically, a telephonic interview is the first contact, the candidate establish with the company. Such interviews are often used for shortlisting the candidates in order to narrow the crowd of applicants who will be invited for face-to-face interviews. Moreover, telephonic interviews minimize the expenses involved in interviewing distant candidates. In many cases, candidates belong to remote area and cost of traveling and accommodation is to be reduced by conducting a telephonic interview to save too much time, money and cost. Obviously, in telephonic interviews, no time is spent in railway stations, bus stands, airports or on the highway. Also there is no expenditure on flights, hotels and meals. Candidate can appear in the telephonic interviews while sitting at their home or any other place of convenience.
As you are also searching for the jobs enthusiastically, so be prepared to attend a phone call which may be your initial step to move inside your new office. So, the candidate should always be prepared for a telephonic interview. Therefore, it is suggested not to switch-off the mobile phone because the first call of interviewer can arrive at any time or any occasions. Many candidates underestimate the importance of a telephone interview and talk in casual way. This is the biggest mistake because that is the first impression and interviewer may not call the candidate again. Some candidates believe that a telephone interview is just a formality and consider it a ceremony before a face-to-face meeting. But it is not true. So, candidates are advised to behave in a gentle and sincere manner while receiving the call.


However there are many advantages of telephonic interviews but there are some complexities and challenges associated with it.
  • The candidate can't see the interviewer face-to-face, and therefore their body language can’t be analyzed. Here, the concept of seeing into their eyes and gesticulation is nowhere. In telephonic interviews, candidates cannot show the confidence in terms of greeting smile and sitting style.
  • Every person is not gifted with the attractive Anchor-Like Voice. Sometimes, the candidate is very good in personality and knowledge, but voice is not very impressive. Moreover, pronunciation and dialect of every person is different depending upon the region which is one of the obstacles in effective communication. In this case, telephonic interviews are not successful.


Here are some tips which should be followed in the telephonic interviews so that the candidates can be called for the personal face-to-face interview or getting appointment letter in hands. Just as you would prepare yourself for the face-to-face/personal interview, devote some time for planning and preparing for such interviews.
The candidates should keep their mobile phone always ON because the phone call can ring anytime. The battery of mobile phone should be fully charged. In case of meeting or other official appointments, the phone may be placed in vibration or silent mode rather than switched-off. It leaves very bad impression on employer if the phone of candidate is in switched-off mode or giving message that the number is out of service due to low balance.

Select a quiet, private room with a cell phone in good working condition. Make sure that you do not receive other phone calls if you know the time of telephonic interview.

Keep yourself free atleast at the time of interview and make sure that that there is no background noises to disturb and hinder the interview process.  You should be having the copy of your Resume (Professional Profile/CV) that was sent to the company. It will give you the information which information you have sent to the company. You should have a Pen and Paper to note the points. The candidate should keep a calculator and a calendar ready so that any schedule can be fixed or to perform some calculations.

If you want to change the interview time due to busy schedule, don’t reschedule the interview again and again. It will give bad impression of non-seriousness to the interviewers. Try to reschedule the interview only once if unavoidable. You should not reschedule the interview because of not being prepared. Try to have all the certificates and testimonials with you so that you are ready to give any information on demand.

In telephonic interview, the candidate should respond to questions within 1 minute. In case you are thinking for the answers, the first response should be delivered within 10 seconds otherwise simply say sorry. Candidates should avoid lengthy responses because the interviewer expects short answers on phone rather than long stories.

The candidate should avoid answers in “Yes”, “No” or “Ya” words. The response delivered by the candidate should be well explained so that it is understood by the interviewer. The candidate should keep the voice clear, conversant and non confusing.

The candidate should be well prepared to justify his/her performance in last few years. It will leave a very good impression on the employer regarding your current status and performance evaluation. Moreover, there is an impression of being confident to the interviewer. The candidate should be able to describe the goals and objectives of professional life. Here, the interviewee should not give more attention of salary and promotion.

Sometimes, the candidates take help of friends during the interview. It is not advisable. You should be alone while appearing for a telephonic interview rather than friends or kids around you. The candidate should thank the interviewer for spending the valuable time and considering you atleast for the telephonic interview. The candidates are not advised to smoke, chew gum, eat or drink anything when the interview is going on. It gives the caller a feeling that you are trying to steal some time before answering.

One of the important points the candidate should remember is not to give any manipulated or false information while answering the Tell Me about Yourself Interview question. Now days, the organizations are taking help of detective agencies to keep track of candidates’ personal and professional background. Such checks have become very important and strict today. The employer may dismiss the person even after years of working, on the basis of some false information provided during the initial phase of interview.


There is a series of common questions which are asked during a telephonic interview. These questions are generally asked in almost every interview. Following are the questions and suggested answers -
This is one of the tough interview questions in which the candidate should answer in calm and honest way. While answering such question, the candidate should not blame their internal politics in ex colleagues or ex boss. It creates very negative idea about your professional approach. In this case, the candidate can give reasons including career growth, scope to explore the skills and learning environment. The candidates should avoid giving reason that the new organization was giving more salary. In such answer, the employer relates the loyalty of candidate with the salary and monetary benefits.

Here, the candidate should not boast of his/her position and power in the organization. The candidate is expected to just give a general idea about work profile and experience in the organization.

Answer of this question should be ready with the candidate once he/she applies for the job. The candidate is advised to have an idea of joining the new organization keeping in view the schedule and appointments. If the candidate fumble or gets confused to answer this question, the employer may think that the candidate is not sure whether to change the current job or not. So be clear about your decision. There is no need to give exact date and time, but the candidate should be able to give the basic idea of month of joining.


This is the first and very basic question which is asked everywhere the candidate joins or going to join. Actually, there are many flavors to answers this question, but it requires some basic components to be told to the interviewer.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF PERSONAL PROFILE - It includes the name of candidate and the place where he/she belongs to. The profession of parents and family members can also be narrated by the candidate. In telephonic interviews, the candidate should avoid telling the hobbies like fishing, making friends etc.
PROFESSIONAL AND ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS - The candidate is required to tell about educational qualifications alongwith the division and distinctions achieved. However, the marks in each degree, certificate course is not mandatory to tell. In case, the marks or grade is asked, the candidate should have a copy of all the documents to avoid any mismatch in future.
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE AND COMPANY PROFILE – Here, the candidate should describe the professional experience with the name of organization worked with. There is no need to tell the exact salary until it is asked. The nature of job and company profile can be told to enable the employer know the current organization, where working.
WEAKNESSES AND STRENGTHS – This is another very common question which is asked in almost every interview. Therefore, it is advised to prepare the answer of this question very carefully. Many candidates tell their strength as weakness to attract the interviewer but the employer is not fool. Be honest while answering this question. The candidate may discuss one or two weaknesses like getting nervous in some situations, lacking in some skills, emotional, sensitive etc. Avoid telling weaknesses like short-tempered, sleeping, laziness and related terms.
Moreover, the candidate should not boast on strengths. Strengths should be told in the honest and calm manner so that it marks a positive impact on professional capabilities.
The candidate can point out the strengths like
  • Positive Attitude with Hard Work
  • Punctual and Determined
  • Self-Confidence
  • Ability to face the failures and recover with confidence
  • Learn from Mistakes
  • Quick Learner
  • Full commitment to work
  • Highly Energetic
  • Willing to learn New Things
  • Good Interpersonal Skills
  • Well Organizer and Manager
  • Good Helping Hand
  • Team Player
  • Communication Skills
  • Problem-Solving Ability

Group Discussion Tips-Do's and Don'ts of Group Discussion

Group Discussion Tips

1.     Always be the initiator and concluder of the GD then being a participant.

2. But if you are participant always try to be the most viral/key participant.

3. Put points firmly and always try to get others support too.

4. If you find that the discussion os going off-track then never loose an opportunity to bring it back to stream this is the best point to score max.

5. Try to keep latest information on the topic.

6. Be very polite , people may try to provoke you to to get more points but try to keep cool.

7. Most important don't wait for your turn to speak when discussion is on. interrupt politely if you want to put forward your points.

8. Last but not the least keep atab on the time given for discussion. score points by wrapping up the discussion if you feel that the discussion is heating but the time is going to be over.

9. During conclusion, do end with the conclusion note. that shows your leadership quality.

Do's and Don'ts of Group Discussion

Be as natural as possible. Do not try and be someone you are not. Be yourself.

A group discussion is your chance to be more vocal. The evaluator wants to hear you speak.

Take time to organize your thoughts. Think of what you are going to say.

Seek clarification if you have any doubts regarding the subject.

Don't start speaking until you have clearly understood and analyzed the subject.
Work out various strategies to help you make an entry: initiate the discussion or agree with someone else's point and then move onto express your views.

Opening the discussion is not the only way of gaining attention and recognition. If you do not give valuable insights during the discussion, all your efforts of initiating the discussion will be in vain.

Your body language says a lot about you - your gestures and mannerisms are more likely to reflect your attitude than what you say.

Language skills are important only to the effect as to how you get your points across clearly and fluently.

Be assertive not dominating; try to maintain a balanced tone in your discussion and analysis.

Don't lose your cool if anyone says anything you object to. The key is to stay objective: Don't take the discussion personally.

Always be polite: Try to avoid using extreme phrases like: 'I strongly object' or 'I disagree'. Instead try phrases like: 'I would like to share my views on...' or 'One difference between your point and mine...' or "I beg to differ with you" Ch etanaS

Brush up on your leadership skills; motivate the other members of the team to speak (this surely does not mean that the only thing that you do in the GD is to say "let us hear what the young lady with the blue scarf has to say," or "Raghu, let us hear your views" - Essentially be subtle), and listen to their views. Be receptive to others'
opinions and do not be abrasive or aggressive.

If you have a group of like-minded friends, you can have a mock group discussion where you can learn from each other through giving and receiving feedback.

Apart from the above points, the panel will also judge team members for their alertness and presence of mind, problem-solving abilities, ability to work as a team without alienating certain members, and creativity.

Exporting mail contacts

Exporting Gmail contacts

You can quickly export your Gmail Contacts list into a CSV file.
Here's how:

1. Sign in to Gmail.
2. Click Contacts along the side of any Gmail page.
3. Click Export at the top of your Contacts list.
4. Choose whether to export all contacts or only one group.
5. Select the format in which you'd like to export your contacts'
6. Click Export.
7. Choose Save to Disk then click OK.
8. Select a location to save your file, and click 'OK.'
Depending on the requirements of the program to which you're importing
your contacts, you can easily edit this CSV to fit your needs.

Exporting Yahoo mail contacts

You can quickly export your Yahoo mail Contacts list into a CSV file.
Here's how:

1. Sign in to Yahoo mail
2. Click Contacts along the side of any yahoo mail page.
3. Click Export at the top of your Contacts list.
4. Choose whether to export all contacts or only one group.
5. Select the format in which you'd like to export your contacts'
6. Click Export.
7. Choose Save to Disk then click OK.
8. Select a location to save your file, and click 'OK.'

Depending on the requirements of the program to which you're importing
your contacts, you can easily edit this CSV to fit your needs.

Most similarly other in other Emails also the same procedure can be

Librarians play vital role in higher education

Librarians play vital role in higher education

HUBLI: Dr K R Narashiman, joint director of Collegiate Education, Dharwad, said librarians have a great role to play in strengthening the higher education system in the state and the country as well.

He was speaking after inaugurating the training programme organized by Sri Kadasiddeshwar Arts College and H S Kotambri Science Institute, Hubli, for librarians appointed after 2007, here on Monday.

He said librarians should come up with new and innovative ideas to enhance the knowledge of students and take initiatives in organizing knowledge-based programmes for students in their respective colleges.

He also gave them suggestions on maintaining their libraries in a systematic manner by utilizing modern technology and information science. He said librarians should ensure that they play a vital role in creating awareness about the benefits of various government schemes among the economically-poor and backward community students.

Ningappa N Arabgonda, a well-known librarian, called upon librarians to convert their problems into challenges and provide good services to readers who come to their libraries to improve their knowledge.

Mahesh D Horakeri, president of the District Librarians Association, Hubli, also spoke about the administrative management of college librarians, professional integrity, and librarians' problems and solutions.

Other librarians shared their knowledge about the usage of software in maintaining libraries, demands and challenges of librarians and other issues.

Principal V M Kinagi, B S Malawad, M M Hebbali,M N Mulimani, Geeta Kottennavar, S B Pachapur, Dr G G Kadadevar, S S Kalnyani and others were present.

Source | Times of India | 13 October 2010 (Hubli City)

50 Search Engines Every body Should Know About

50 Search Engines Every body Should Know About
Students, teachers and the public turn to their librarians for help researching everything from technology to genealogy to homework help and lesson plans. Even if your library is equipped with subscriptions and memberships to top of the line databases and online journals, you’ve probably had to get creative during a patron’s requested search for something unfamiliar. Next time, though, you can turn to one of these 50 search engines, designed to pull from the Web only the information you really need.
Meta Search and Multi Search Engines
These meta search and multi search engines can search numerous engines and sites at once, maximizing the number of results you get each time you conduct a search.
  1. Ms. Freckles: Adorable Ms. Freckles can search online for different file types, definitions, translations, film, finance sites, and a lot more all at once.
  2. Kart00: This cartoon-inspired search engine lets you hover over results to get a preview of the site before you open it. Results are also organized by topic so that you can narrow down your search and organize hits.
  3. Fazzle: Search the web’s best, the entire web, downloads, images, videos, audio or headline news. You can also select an advanced search to find incredibly specific results.
  4. Trexy: This site saves your search memory so that you don’t have search multiple times on different engines.
  5. Mamma: Here at "the mother of all search engines," librarians search the web or video. Next to your results is an option to refine your search by choosing a suggested category.
  6. 1-Page Multi Search: Type your search into one or several of the following search engines at once: Alta Vista, AOL, EntireWeb, Gigablast, Hot Bot, Lycos, Scrub, Yahoo!, Google, YouTube, Dogpile, Ask Jeeves, and a lot more.
  7. iZito: Busy librarians who are constantly finding new reference sites and search engines will like iZito because of its ability to save your history in an easy drop down tab.
Multimedia and Interactive
For help finding pictures, podcasts, music and shareware, use these search engines.
  1. Metacafe: Find videos on this site if you want a change from YouTube.
  2. Songza: Patrons looking for music can use this search engine, which "lets you listen to any song or band." You can also search the featured list or top played list.
  3. Picsearch: This large photo search engine has more than 2 billion images in its directory.
  4. Get a Podcast: Search for podcasts all around the web in this directory.
  5. Shareware: If you need to install new software programs on your library computers, turn to Shareware first, which pulls up tons of free programs and downloads.
  6. Public Radio Fan: Find information for thousands of public radio stations on this site. You can find the times of different broadcasts, station names, podcasts and more.
Google Search Engines
A Google search doesn’t just mean typing in a keyword on the homepage and seeing what pops up. Try out these niche search engines sponsored by Google to find books, images and more information that librarians will find useful.
  1. Google Image Search: Ask Google to bring up the most popular images on the web with this engine.
  2. Google Scholar: Get connected to scholarly journals and publications here.
  3. Google Books: Search online copies of books on this search engine, which features categories like literature and science fiction to biology and linguistics to highly cited to categories organized by subject and keyword.
  4. Alerts: Set up Google Alerts for any subject so that you’ll get results sent to your inbox every time there’s a new site, blog or keyword mention on the web.
Great Niche Sites for Librarians
From family friendly and kid-safe searches to science and medical search engines, these niche sites can help you with very specific research projects.
  1. Scirus: Pull up science-related results on this research-oriented search engine. You can find "not only journal content but also scientists’ homepages, courseware, pre-print server material, patents and institutional repository and website information."
  2. Librarians’ Internet Index: Here you’ll be connected to quality, authoritative sites. Search by keyword or narrow down your search by browsing categories like business, government, media, health, computers, or the arts and humanities.
  3. Family Friendly Search: Librarians at elementary and middle schools, as well as public librarians, may be interested in directing patrons to this site, which is safe for kids.
  4. Intute: This British search engine lets you pick search options in the following categories for a specialized search: science and technology, arts and humanities, social sciences, and the health and life sciences.
  5. PubMed: PubMed is one of the premier search engines for medical students and researchers. You can find journal articles, citations, clinical information and more.
  6. Meta-Index for U.S. Legal Research: On the GSU College of Law site, librarians and patrons can take advantage of this meta-index which brings up judicial opinions, legislation and more.
  7. Internship Programs: College librarians may want to direct students to this search engine, which connects searchers to internship opportunities.
  8. Congoo: For current events and news searches, use Congoo to connect you to the latest in technology, industry, business, world news, finance, politics, Internet trends and more.
  9. CataLaw: CataLaw is another law search engine that organizes "all indexes of law and government into a uniform, universal and unique metaindex."
  10. USGenWeb Archives: Help your patrons with genealogy searches with this engine.
Custom Searches
Tailor your search to your daily needs with these search engines, which can be modified by remembering search history, customizing templates and more.
  1. mozbot: Pick a language and customize your search with this engine. Mozbot can also add results to your favorites, send results by e-mail, display thumbnails of different sites, and provide suggestions for similar sites.
  2. Curriculum Search: Help teachers find reference materials, lesson plans and tools by searching this Google custom search engine.
  3. Computer Science Research: Use this search engine or adapt it to make your own to find computer science materials and references.
  4. Rollyo: Choose to search categories like health, travel, tech, reference and others using Rollyo, a system that "create[s] search engines using the sources you trust."
  5. Ujiko: This sleekly designed search engine lets you choose how you want your results displayed and organized.
Reference Searches
The following list of search engines prove useful to all kinds of librarians in search of dictionaries and other reference materials.
  1. JustCite: JustCite is a legal search engine and can help you find citations.
  2. Online Journals Search Engine: Search scientific databases and journals here.
  3. Powerset: For a basic Q&A session, use Powerset to quickly search Wikipedia entries.
  4. Infoplease: Get information on any subject, from history and government to arts and entertainment to world news to biographical information to homework help.
  5. Guide Star: This search tool is great for librarians who work with teachers wanting information on grants and nonprofits. Type in the name of an organization or keyword to find nonprofit group information.
  6. JoeAnt: You can get answers to research queries on any subject at JoeAnt, from computers to science to politics to the humanities to business law.
  7. Find Tutorials: Find tutorials for practically everything on this search site, from education to culture to spirituality, to finance to the Internet.
  8. RefDesk: RefDesk is known as the "fact checker for the Internet." You can search MSN, Google, Yahoo! or Wikipedia, as well as various dictionaries and periodicals.
  9. OneLook Dictionary Search: Get detailed definitions, translations and more on this search engine, which pulls from over 1,000 different dictionaries.
  10. The Dictionary of Free Online Books and Shopping: Look up and access books online for free using this search engine, which includes educational books, history books, children’s books, biographies, political books and a lot more.
  11. Thinkers: Wisdom: This site features a literary search engine called Wisdom that can search the web, images, audio, video, a dictionary and more.
  12. Information.com: Use the web search or search encyclopedias, blogs, articles and online groups to get creative with your reference search.
Library Search Engines
Check out these search engines that are designed to emulate or are sponsored by libraries and librarians.
  1. Internet Public Library: Find references, search the collections by subject, check out the reading room or KidSpace when you visit this online public library.
  2. The Open Library: Here, librarians discover "one web page for every book." This open source project also features an advanced search, connecting you to the exact book and full-text publication you’re looking for.
  3. Awesome Library: Find full-text books, journals, kid-safe sites, business information and more on this online library search engine.
  4. LibDex: Search the indexes and other information for 18,000 different libraries here.
  5. WorldCat: WorldCat helps patrons and librarians "find items in libraries near you." Search for books, DVDs, CDs and articles.

தாய்மொழியில் ஏன் பெயர் வைக்க வேண்டும்?

தாய்மொழியில் ஏன் பெயர் வைக்க வேண்டும்?

மொழி தான் ஒருவருடைய அடையாளமாகும். தத்தம் மொழியில் பெயரை
வைத்துக்கொள்வது என்பது அடையாளப்படுத்துவதற்கு உதவும்.
இன்னொரு மொழியில் பெயர் வைப்பதில் என்ன தவறு?

இன்னொரு மொழியில் பெயர் வைப்பது என்பது, ‘ஒருவர் தம்முடைய
மொழியை விட இன்னொரு மொழியை உயர்வாகக் கருதும்போது’ மட்டுமே

இன்னொரு மொழி நம்முடைய மொழியை விட உயர்வானது என்று கருதக்

இன்னொரு மொழியைச் சிறப்பாகக் கருதலாமே தவிர
நம்முடைய மொழியை விட உயர்வானது எனக் கருதுவது கூடாது. ஏன்?
ஒவ்வொரு மொழிக்கும் சில தனிச் சிறப்புகள் உள்ளன. எ.கா. தமிழில்
ல,ள,ழ, என்றும் ர,ற என்றும் ன,ண,ந என்றும் அமைந்திருப்பதை உலக
மொழிகள் வேறு எவற்றிலும் காண முடியாது. அதே போலப் பிற்கால
ஒலிகளாகிய ‘எப்’ (‘F’) போன்ற ஒலியைத் தமிழ் முதலிய செம்மொழிகளில்
காண முடியாது. ஆகவே ஒவ்வொரு மொழிக்கும் ஒவ்வொரு சிறப்பு உண்டு.

நம்முடைய மொழியை விட இன்னொரு மொழியை உயர்வாக
எண்ணும் ஒருவர், இயல்பாகவே தம்முடைய மொழியையும் அதன் வழியே
தம்முடைய இனத்தையும் தாழ்வாகக் கருதுபவராக அமைந்துவிடுவார்.
இப்படி உருவாகும் தாழ்வு மனப்பான்மை அவருடைய வளர்ச்சிக்கு
இடையூறாக அமைந்துவிடும்.

அது சரி, அப்படியானால் உயர்வான மொழி என்று எதைக் கருதலாம்?

அவரவர்க்கு அவரவர் தாய்மொழியே உயர்வானது. நரிக்குறவர்
இனத்திற்கு அவருடைய தாய்மொழியான வக்கிரபோலி உயர்வான மொழியே
தவிர, தமிழோ ஆங்கிலமோ இல்லை. ஒவ்வொருவரும் தத்தம்
தாய்மொழியின் வாயிலாகவே தங்கள் உலகத்தைப் பார்க்கிறார்கள்.

சான்று: நீங்கள் தமிழராகப் பிறந்து தமிழராக வாழ்வதால் தான் ‘ஒருவனுக்கு
ஒருத்தி’ என்னும் பண்பாடு உங்களுடையது என்று உணர்கிறீர்கள் இல்லையா?
தமிழ்நாட்டிலேயே பிறந்து வளரும் ஓர் ஆங்கிலேயரை எடுத்துக்கொள்ளுங்கள்.
அவர் ‘ஒருவனுக்கு ஒருத்தி’ என்னும் பண்பாட்டை அறிந்திருப்பாரேயன்றி
அது தம்முடையது என்று உணரவோ அதைப் பின்பற்றவோ மாட்டார். அதே
நேரம் வெளிநாட்டிலேயே பிறந்து வளரும் ஒரு தமிழர் இப்பண்பாட்டைத்
தம்முடையது என்றும் அதன் படி வாழ வேண்டும் என்றும் எண்ணுவார்.

இன்னொரு மொழியில் பெயர் வைப்பதில் என்ன சிக்கல்?

இன்னொரு மொழியில் பெயர் வைக்கும் போது பல நேரங்களில்
அப்பெயர்களின் பொருளே தெரியாமல் வைத்து விடுவோம்.

அபர்ணா என்பது பர்ணம் என்பதன் எதிர்மறை. பர்ணம் என்பது
இலைதழைகளாலான ஆடையைக் குறிக்கும். எனவே அபர்ணா என்ற பெயர்
ஆடையற்றவள் என்ற பொருள் தருதல் காண்க. சியாமளா என்பதன் பொருள்
கறுப்பாயி என்பதாகும். கறுப்பாயி எனத் தமிழில் பெயர் வைக்கத் தயங்கும்
ஒருவர் இன்னொரு மொழியில் ‘சியாமளா’ என்று பெயர் வைப்பதை
விரும்புவது நகைப்புக்குரியது அல்லவா? ‘கனவு’ எனப் பெயர் வைக்கத்
தயங்கும் நாம் ‘சுவப்னா’ என்று அதே பொருள் தரும் பெயரை வேறு
மொழியில் வைப்பது அடிமை மனப்பான்மையே அன்றி வேறென்ன?

சில நேரங்களில் நம்முடைய குடும்பப் பெரியவர்களே அப்பெயர்களைச்
சொல்லத் தடுமாறுவார்கள். நம்முடைய குழந்தைகளின் பெயரை நம் இல்லப்
பெரியவர்களே சொல்லத் தடுமாறுவது நன்றாக இருக்குமா?

அதற்காக, ‘ஞான பிரகாசு’ என்னும் பெயரைத் தமிழாக்கி ‘அறிவு வெளிச்சம்’
என்று வைக்கச்சொல்கிறீர்களா?

நீங்கள் ‘ஞான பிரகாசு’ என்று இன்னொரு மொழியில் பெயர் வைப்பதற்குக்
காரணமே அப்பெயர் ஒயிலாக இருப்பதாக எண்ணும் சிந்தனைதான்! ‘ஞான
பிரகாசு’ என்று உங்களுக்கு ஒயிலாகத் தெரியும் இந்தப் பெயரை ஓர்
அமெரிக்கரிடமோ செருமானியரிடமோ சொல்லிப் பாருங்கள். அவர்களுக்கு
இந்தப் பெயர் பெருமைப்படும் பெயராகவோ ஒயிலாகவோ தெரியாதது
மட்டுமில்லை, வாயில் கூட நுழையாது. உங்களுடைய அதே சிந்தனை ஏன்
ஓர் அமெரிக்கருக்கோ செருமானியருக்கோ வரவில்லை? ஏனென்றால் நீங்கள்
உங்களுடைய மொழியை விட, ‘ஞானப் பிரகாசு’ என்னும் பெயரைக்
கொண்டுள்ள மொழியை உயர்வாகக் கருதும் மனப்பான்மையில் இருக்கிறீர்கள்.
இது தாழ்வு மனப்பான்மை தானே!

‘ஞான பிரகாசு’ என்னும் பெயரை ‘அறிவொளி’ என்று அழகு தமிழில்
வைக்கலாம் அல்லவா?

அதற்காகக் கோப்பெருந்தேவி, பிசிராந்தையார், ஒளவையார் எனப் பழைய
பெயர்களையா வைக்கச் சொல்கிறீர்கள்?

உங்களைத் தமிழில் பெயர் வைக்கச் சொன்னோமேயன்றிப்
பழந்தமிழ்ப் பெயர்களைத் தாம் வைக்க வேண்டும் என்று சொல்லவில்லை.
பழந்தமிழ்ப் பெயர்களை வைப்பது, புத்தாக்கச் சொற்களை வைப்பது, பெரிய
பெயரை வைப்பது, சிறிய பெயராக வைப்பது என்பதெல்லாம் உங்களுடைய
விருப்பத்தைச் சேர்ந்ததாகும்.

பழந்தமிழ்ப்பெயர்களை விடுங்கள். ‘புலிக்கட்டை’ என்று பெயர் வைப்பீர்களா?
சிரிப்பு வருகிறது அல்லவா? அமெரிக்காவைச் சேர்ந்த புகழ் பெற்ற
விளையாட்டு வீரர் ஒருவரின் பெயர் தான் அது! அவருடைய பெயர் ‘Tiger
Woods’. அதைத் தமிழில் சொன்னால் ‘புலிக்கட்டை’ தானே! பெயர்
பழையது, புதியது என்பதெல்லாம் நாம் எப்படிச் சிந்திக்கிறோம் என்பதைப்
பொறுத்துத்தான்! எப்படிச் சிந்தித்தாலும் தாய்மொழியில் இருப்பது தான்

‘மோகன்’ என்று பெயர் வைக்கிறோம். அப்பெயரைத் தமிழில் ‘கவின்’
என்றோ ‘எழில்’ என்றோ வைக்கலாம் அல்லவா? ‘கண்ணன்’ எனப் பொருள்
தரும் ‘கிருட்டினன்’ என்று பெயர் வைப்பதற்குக் ‘கண்ணன்’ என்றே
வைக்கலாம் அல்லவா? ‘விசய்’ என்று பெயர் வைப்பதற்கு ‘வெற்றி’ என்று
பெயர் வைக்கலாம் அல்லவா? ‘குமார்’ என்பதற்குக் ‘குமரன்’ என்று
வைக்கலாம் அல்லவா? ‘உசா’ என்று பெயர் வைப்பதற்குக் ‘கதிர்’ என்று
கூப்பிடலாம் அல்லவா!

சரி! என்னுடைய குழந்தைக்குத் தமிழில் பெயர் வைக்க ஆசைதான்!
ஆனால் எங்கு தேடுவது?

ஏன் கவலைப்படுகிறீர்கள்? முனைவர் பா. வளன் அரசு
(நெல்லை), முனைவர் மு. தெய்வநாயகம்(சென்னை), புலவர் இரா.
இளங்குமரன்(திருச்சிராப்பள்ளி), முனைவர் தமிழண்ணல்(மதுரை), முனைவர்
ந. அரணமுறுவல்(சென்னை) எனத் தமிழறிஞர்கள் பலர் இருக்கிறார்கள்.
அவர்களை அணுகலாம். இன்னும் பல இயக்கங்கள் இருக்கின்றன. பல
இணையத் தளங்கள் இருக்கின்றன. http://www.tamilkalanjiyam.com
http://www.peyar.in, http://wapedia.mobi/ta,
http://tamilsaral.com/news%3Fid%3D3857.do, http://www.sillampum.com/,
http://pagalavan.in/archives/328 எனப் பல தமிழ்த்தளங்களில் நீங்கள்
தமிழ்ப்பெயரைத் தேர்ந்துகொள்ளலாம்.

குழந்தைகளுக்குப் பெயர் வைப்பதில் மட்டும் தானே இதைச் சொல்கிறீர்கள்?

இல்லை. குழந்தைகளுக்குப் பெயர் வைப்பது, வணிக
நிறுவனங்களுக்குப் பெயர் வைப்பது, திரைப்படங்களுக்குப் பெயர் வைப்பது
என எல்லாவற்றிற்கும் சேர்த்துத் தான் சொல்கிறோம்.

வணிக நிறுவனங்களுக்குமா?

ஆம். வெளி மாநிலத்திற்கு வந்து பிழைக்கும் தெலுங்கரான ‘உம்மிடி
பங்காரு’ம் கன்னடரான ‘உடுப்பி’ உணவகத்துக்காரரும் தத்தம்
மொழியிலேயே பெயர் வைக்கும்போது நாம் நம்முடைய மாநிலத்தில்
இருந்துகொண்டே வணிக நிறுவனங்களுக்கு வேற்று மொழியில் பெயர்
வைப்பது சரியா?

வேற்று மாநிலத்திலோ நாட்டிலோ இருக்கும்போது வணிக நிறுவனங்களுக்கு
எப்படித் தமிழில் பெயர் வைப்பது?

ஒன்றும் கவலையில்லை. தமிழ்நாட்டின் தலைநகரிலேயே
‘உம்மிடி பங்காரு’ என்று தெலுங்கில் பெயர் வைத்துக் கடை
நடத்தவில்லையா? ‘உடுப்பி’ என்ற பெயரில் தமிழ்நாட்டில் உணவகங்கள்
இல்லையா? ‘அகர்வால்’ இனிப்பகங்கள் இல்லையா? ‘நாயர்’ கடைகள்

திரைப்படங்களுக்குமா சொல்கிறீர்கள்? இது கருத்துரிமையில் தலையிடுவது

தமிழில் படம் எடுக்கிறார்கள். கதை தமிழர்கள் பற்றிய கதையாக
இருக்கிறது. படத்தைத் தமிழகத்தில் தமிழர்களுக்குத் தான்
வெளியிடுகிறார்கள். ஆக, எம்மொழியில் படம் இருக்கிறதோ, யாருக்காக
எடுக்கப்படுகிறதோ அம்மொழியில் பெயர் வைப்பது தானே பொருத்தமாக
இருக்கும். நாம் ஒன்றும் சப்பான் நாட்டிற்குச் சென்று தமிழில் பெயர்
வையுங்கள் என்று கேட்கவில்லை.

தமிழில் பெயரை வைப்பதால் நட்டம் ஏற்படும் சூழல் வரும்போது என்ன

அப்படிப்பட்ட சூழல் இதுவரை வந்ததேயில்லை. எத்தனையோ
ஆங்கிலப் படங்களைத் தமிழில் மொழிபெயர்த்து வெளியிடுகிறார்கள்.
அப்படங்களுக்குத் தமிழில் தான் பெயர் வைக்கிறார்கள். ‘300’ என்று ஓர்
ஆங்கிலப் படம் வந்தது. அப்படத்திற்கு ‘300 பருத்தி வீரர்கள்’ என்று பெயர்
வைத்தார்கள். பெயர் தமிழில் இருந்ததால் அப்படம் ஓடவில்லையா என்ன?

அப்படியானால் தமிழில் பெயர் வைக்க வேண்டுமா? தாய்மொழியில் பெயர்
வைக்க வேண்டுமா?

அவரவர் தத்தம் தாய்மொழியிலேயே பெயர் வைக்க வேண்டும். நாம் தமிழர்
அல்லவா! எனவே தமிழிலேயே பெயர் வைக்க வேண்டும்

Indian Government totally online - very useful

Indian Government totally online - very useful
All Indian government offices related links are available........ 
* Birth Certificate <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ howdoi.php? service=1>
* Caste Certificate <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ howdoi.php? service=4>
* Tribe Certificate <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=8>
* Domicile Certificate <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ howdoi.php? service=5>
* Driving Licence <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ howdoi..php? service=6>
* Marriage Certificate <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ howdoi.php? service=3>
* Death Certificate <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ howdoi.php? service=2>
* Search More - How do I <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ advancedsearch. php>

Apply for:

* PAN Card <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=15>
* TAN Card <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=3>
* Ration Card <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ howdoi.php? service=7>
* Passport <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=2>
* Inclusion of name in the Electoral Rolls <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ howdoi.php? service=10>
* Search More - How do I <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ advancedsearch. php>


* Land/Property <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ howdoi.php? service=9>
* Vehicle <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ howdoi.php? service=13>
* With State Employment Exchange <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ howdoi.php? service=12>
* As Employer <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=17>
* Company <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=19>
* .IN Domain <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=18>
GOV.IN Domain <http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=25>
* Search More - How do I <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ advancedsearch. php>


* Waiting list status for Central Government Housing <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=9>
* Status of Stolen Vehicles <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=1>
* Land Records <
http://www.india. gov.in/landrecor ds/index. php>
* Causelist of Indian Courts <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=7>
* Court Judgements (JUDIS ) <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=24>
* Daily Court Orders/Case Status <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=21>
* Acts of Indian Parliament <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=13>
* Exam Results <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=16>
* Speed Post Status <
http://www.india. gov..in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=10>
* Agricultural Market Prices Online <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=6>
* Search More - How do I <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ advancedsearch. php>


* Train Tickets Online <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=5>
* Air Tickets Online <
http://www.india. gov..in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=4>
* Income Tax Returns <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=12>
* Complaint with Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=14>
* Search More - How do I <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ advancedsearch. php>

Contribute to:

* Prime Minister's Relief Fund <
http://www..india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=11>
* Search More - How do I <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ advancedsearch. php>


* Send Letters Electronically <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ otherservice_ details.php? service=20>
* Search More - How do I <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ advancedsearch. php>

Recently Added Online Services

* Tamil Nadu: Online application of marriage certificate for persons having registered their marriages <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ onlineservice_ detail.php? service=2691>
* Tamil Nadu: Online District wise soil Details of Tamil Nadu <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ onlineservice_ detail.php? service=2693>
* Tamil Nadu: View Water shed Atlas of Tamil Nadu <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ onlineservice_ detail.php? service=2694>
* Tamil Nadu: E-Pension District Treasury Tirunelveli <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ onlineservice_ detail.php? service=2695>
* Meghalaya: Search Electoral Roll Online by Name (2008) <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ onlineservice_ detail.php? service=2697>
* Meghalaya: Search Electoral Roll Online by EPIC number (2008) <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ onlineservice_ detail.php? service=2698>
* Meghalaya: Search Electoral Roll Online by House number (2008) <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ onlineservice_ detail.php? service=2699>
* Himachal Pradesh: Revised Pay and Arrears Calculator-Fifth Pay <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ onlineservice_ detail.php? service=2702>
* Meghalaya: Search Electoral Roll Online by Part number (2008) <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ onlineservice_ detail.php? service=2700>
* Andhra Pradesh: Online Motor Driving School Information <
http://www.india. gov.in/howdo/ onlineservice_ detail.php? service=2705>
Global Navigation

* Citizens <
http://www.india. gov.in/citizen. php>
* Business (External website that opens in a new window) <
http://business. gov.in/>
* Overseas <
http://www.india. gov.in/overseas. php>
* Government <
http://www.india. gov.in/govt. php>
* Know India <
http://www.india. gov.in/knowindia .php>
* Sectors <
http://www.india. gov.in/sector. php>
* Directories <
http://www.india. gov.in/directori es.php>
* Documents <
http://www.india. gov.in/documents .php>
* Forms <
http://www.india. gov.in/forms/ forms.php>
* Acts <
http://www.india. gov.in/govt/ acts.php>
* Rules <
http://www.india. gov.in/govt/ rules.php>
* Schemes <
http://www.india. gov.in/govt/ schemes.php>
* Tenders <
http://www.india. gov.in/tenders. php>
* Home <
http://www.india. gov.in/default. php>
* About the Portal <
http://www.india. gov.in/aboutthep ortal.php>
* Site Map <
http://www.india. gov.in/sitemap. php>
* Link to Us <
http://www.india. gov.in/linktous. php>
* Suggest to a Friend <
http://www.india. gov.in/suggest/ suggest.php>
* Help <
http://www.india. gov.in/help. php>
* Terms of Use <
http://www.india. gov.in/termscond tions.php>
* Feedback <
http://www.india. gov.in/feedback. php>
* Contact Us <
http://www.india. gov.in/contactus .php>
* Accessibility Statement <
http://www.india. gov.in/accessibi litystatement. php>